More about the The Early Years Foundation stage and The Prime Areas of Learning

Music sessions

Communication and language: Music encourages children to listen attentively in a range of situations. It will help children to follow instructions and to express themselves effectively.

Physical development: Moving with music and using instruments helps children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements (gross and fine motor skills). It also supports confident movement in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. Moving with music can help to share the message of the importance of physical exercise, and a healthy diet.

Personal, social and emotional development: Music helps children to try new activities and to become more confident to speak in a familiar group talking about their ideas. It can help children talk about how they and others show feelings, to work as part of a group, to understand and follow the rules, to play co-operatively, taking turns with others.

The Specific Areas of Learning:

Literacy: Music making helps children gain phonic knowledge (phoneme awareness) that will contribute to decoding regular words and to read them aloud accurately. Music making is a vital part of the National Strategy for Literacy (Phase 1) helping children to recognise sounds, play with rhymes, rhythms and patterns of words, sequencing actions and sounds. It also supports use of expression in speech and story-telling.

Mathematics: Music is built on recurring mathematical patterns and sequences - children can develop mathematical thinking as they respond to this. Music helps children use everyday language to talk about size, position and to learn special awareness.

Understanding the world: Music helps children to learn about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions - different cultures. Music provides a learning style through which topics can be explored Expressive arts and design: Music helps children represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through music, dance, role-play and stories. Music is a creative art.